Energy as the first key problem of humanity has forced the upgrade of the power grids to more efficient energy distribution system. To realize efficient transmission and distribution of electricity, smart grid needs an intelligent monitoring system to dynamically measure and respond to the changes in grid condition. Renewable and distributed energy resources such as solar and wind, which are dramatically changing with the environment, are also integrated to generate the clean energy. Different external conditions must be detected and reponded adaptively for better usage of the renewable energy. EDA tools for modelling, simulation, fault-detection and optimization for power grid on chip can be transferred to the smart grid design. Further demanding applications like health monitoring, grid maintenance, energy consumption estimation/measurement, etc. requires the employment of smart sensors, adaptive controllers and wireless communication systems. Adaptronics as one emerging technology which is capable of self-adapting to environmental events due to their self-regulating mechanisms, has verified its functionality in vibration and noise control. Combining sensors, actuators, adaptive controller and functional materials, adaptronics has potential to accelerate technical innovation and the development of the smart grids.
The talk will end with an overview of the current research work of the Microelectronic System Design Group at TU Darmstadt to tackle the presented research fields.